Environmental Degradation in Niger Delta Nigeria: Implications on the Well-Being of the Host Communities
Keywords:Environmental degradation, host communities, oil spillage, oil exploration and pollutants
AbstractDecades of oil exploitation, exploration, and production activities in the Niger Delta have led to severe environmental degradation that has created complex problems in the region. As such, environmental exploitation has been a major point of contention between the Nigerian government and multinational oil corporations. The study adopted an Ex-Post facto research design and a multi stage sampling technique which comprised of purposive, stratified and proportional sampling technique. Purposive sampling procedure was used to select six communities in Rivers State, Nigeria. One hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. Results showed that environmental degradation, education and occupation significantly impacts on the well being of host communities in Rivers State Nigeria. Thus, it recommended that, The Federal Government must streamline the activities of the multinational oil corporations which have so far operated without environmental regulations to guide their activities in the region, in an attempt to limit the long-term impact of environmental degradation.