The capability of Artificial Neural Networks as a Model for Predicting Total Electron Content (TEC): A Review


  • Daudi The University of Dodoma



Artificial neural network, Global positioning system, Total electron content


The results of investigations from a complete analysis of ANN application on Total Electron Content (TEC) prediction are presented in this paper. TEC is important in defining the ionosphere and has many everyday applications, for example, satellite navigation, time delay and range error corrections for single frequency Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite signal receivers. The total electron content (TEC) in the ionosphere has been measured using GPS. GPS are not installed in every point on the earth to make global TEC measurements possible. As a result, it is crucial to have certain models that can aid to get data from places where there is not any in order to comprehend the global behavior of TEC. Neural Network (NN) models have been shown to accurately anticipate data patterns, including TEC. The capacity of neural networks to represent both linear and nonlinear relationships directly from the data being modeled is what makes them so powerful. The survey from literature reveals that, Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm is preferred and used mostly because of its speed and efficiency during learning process, and that ANN showed a good prediction of TEC compared to the IRI model.  As a result, NNs are suitable for forecasting GPS TEC values at various locations if the model's input parameters are well specified.

Author Biography

Daudi, The University of Dodoma

Department of Physics, College of Natural and Mathematical Sciences