Influence of Monitoring and Evaluation Practices on Performance of Tobacco Contract Farming Projects in Katavi Region, Tanzania


  • Pius Killo
  • Deus D. Ngaruko



Monitoring and Evaluation, Contract Farming, Tobacco Farming, Farming Projects


Monitoring and Evaluation is globally used in assessing the project’s use of limited resources, transparency, improved service provision, value for money and accountability. The study’s main objective was to determine the influence of monitoring and evaluation practices on performance of tobacco contract farming projects in Katavi region, Tanzania. Whereas the specific objectives were to: determine the effect of M&E human resource capacity; establish the effect of M&E technical expertise; and determine the effect of stakeholder involvement in M&E processes team. The study used Resource Based Theory; Dynamic Capabilities Theory; and Theory of Change that were related to the study’s independent variables. Explanatory research design and cross-sectional strategy were used. The sample frame was purposively chosen while the 132 respondents sample size was selected using simple random sampling. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in data analysis. The results indicated that M&E human resource capacity and M&E technical expertise were not significant. However, stakeholder involvement in M&E processes team was significant. The study recommends that the Agricultural and Marketing Cooperative Societies should establish all the M&E related policies, M&E plan framework, M&E department with all necessary resources while embracing results-based management, participatory Monitoring and Evaluation and information & communication technology.

Author Biographies

Pius Killo

Department of Community Economic Development, The Open University of Tanzania

Deus D. Ngaruko

Department of Community Economic Development, The Open University of Tanzania