The Impact of Climate Change on Food Production in Lugoba Ward, Western Bagamoyo

Authors

  • E. P. Mhache

Abstract

 This article focuses on the impacts of climate change on food production in Lugoba ward in Western Bagamoyo.  The main objective of this article is to explore with other factors, the impact of climate change on food production in Lunga village. This study applied case study design as only one village is selected for this study. The sample of sixty six respondents was selected at random where questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussion, listening to peoples’ narratives and observation techniques were used for data collection. Information collected was analysed using MS Excel and contents analysis. The findings show that the development of Lunga village has not changed much since 1980s. In 1980s and before, life of the people was mainly relying on agriculture and livestock keeping. Even today farming is the main economic activity for people residing in Lunga village. People are still producing mainly for subsistence, very little is taken to the market for sale. Crops which are grown in the village include maize, millet, sweet potatoes, banana, cassava and beans. Other economic activities practiced in the village include livestock keeping, charcoal making, petty business and employment in civil societies. People are engaging in more than one economic activity because of climate change and drought. Climate change has impacted food production where harvest has gone down.  The finding proved that in 2013, farmers harvested little while others harvested nothing because rainfall did not last long. It rained shortly and then stopped. The crops which were planted stunted andthen died. This paper recommends for villagers to grow drought resistant crops and highly follow the predictions of weather as given be Tanzania Meteorological Agency (TMA). It is also recommended that feedback of research findings should be sent to the villagers. Finally, the research recommends for other study in other villages focusing on food production and climate change. 

Author Biography

E. P. Mhache

Department of Geography, The Open University of Tanzania

References

Bryceson, D. F. (2002). The Scramble in Africa: Reorienting Rural Livelihoods. World Development. 30(5), pp.725-739.

Devereux, S. (1997). Household Food Security in Malawi, IDS Discussion Paper 362, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

Ellis, F. (1998). Household Strategies and Rural Livelihood Diversification‘. The Journal of Development Studies. 35(1), 1-38.

Ellis, F. (2000). Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

FAO (2003). Forestry Outlook Study of Africa. African Forests. A View to 2020. FAO, Rome.

FAO (2008). Climate Change and Food Security: A Frameowrk Document. Rome, Italy

Haapanen, T. (2011). Rural Food System Change in Tanzania During the PostUjamaa Era: A Case Study from Western Bagamoyo District. Turun Yliopisto, Turku, Finland.

ILO (2007). Employment by sector. In Key Indicators of the Labour Market

(KILM), 5th Edition.(www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/strat/kilm/download /kilm04.pdf.)

Lazzaroni, S. and Bedi, A. S. (2014).Weather variability and food consumption Evidence from rural Uganda. Working Paper No. 585. Institute of Social Studies: The Hague, The Netherlands.

Mhache, E. P. (2004). Impacts of Tree Planting on the Livelihood of Rural Communities, a Case of Unguja, Zanzibar. M.A. Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam.

Published

2018-09-28