The Influence of Teachers’ Motivation on the Provision of Quality Community Education in Tanzania: Practices and Prospects in Kibaha District.
Keywords:Teacher motivation, community secondary education, quality of education, Tanzania
AbstractThis study aimed at investigating the influence of teachers’ motivation on the provision of quality community secondary education in Kibaha District in Tanzania. Specifically, it intended to explore stakeholders’ conception on teachers’ motivation, to determine how practices of teachers’ motivation affect the provision of quality education, and to find out the teachers’ motivational challenges which limit the provision of quality education as well as to determine ways to improve teachers’ motivation. The study sample of 100 respondents selected purposely and randomly: There were 50 teachers, five school headmasters/mistress from five selected secondary schools, six TSD officers, one District Secondary Education Officer, one Ward Education Officer and eight education inspectors. The questionnaire, interview and documentation were used to collect information from the field. Quantitative data were analyzed and presented in, tables, figures and percentages. Qualitative data were analyzed and organized into themes. Results showed that teachers’ salary level are too low and do not satisfy their daily basic needs, they are not given allowances as required. In addition, they showed that their employers professionally develop a few number of teachers and the majority are not developed. The majority of teachers in community secondary schools are living in rented houses outside the school campuses due to shortage of school houses. This situation tires the teachers who come to school late due to the long walking distance from their homes. Further, the teaching and learning environment still too poor that de-motivate teachers. Therefore, the researcher recommends that all stakeholders should participate fully in maintaining teaching and learning environments to be conducive for teachers and learners and to ensure teachers are motivated to provide quality community secondary education.