ICT-Based Assistive Technology for Empowering Persons with Visual Impairment
Keywords:Assistive technology, visual impairment, Open University of Tanzania, NVDA, ICT-Based AT.
AbstractThe study employed comprehensive assistive technology (CAT) model to investigate use of ICT-based assistive technology (ICT-Based AT) for empowering persons with visual impairment. The objectives of the study wasto explore the strategies employed by people with visual impairments to learn ICT skills and the impact of using ICT-based AT for VIPs. Twenty-five (25) people with visual impairment graduate from the ICT skills training sessions at the Open University of Tanzania were interviewed using semi-structured interview guide. Findings indicated that ICT-Based AT training strategies for people with visual impairment require developing competences on keyboard and the use of screen reader. Furthermore, the use of ICT-Based AT has a significant positive impact on individuals with visual impairment in terms of enhancing their chances in accessing online learning, sense of empowerment and social inclusion. The present study makes a theoretical contribution to the field by enhancing the existing literature on the activity attributes of the CAT model. The study also calls for the government and stakeholders to enhance the use of ICT-Based AT for empowering persons with disabilities.